The process of making a Miswaak for use is to cut a twig or root of the Arak tree into parts between 10 cm and 20cm in length, and between 4mm and 14mm in diameter. Often some are thicker than this.
Fresh Miswaak is brownish in color, having a hot, pleasing taste. Individuals generally remove some of the Miswaak's thin bark from one end, then chew that end a bit to split up the fibers to make sure they become like the fibers of a regular toothbrush. They subsequently utilize it to clean their teeth.
Length and diameter:
A length of 15cm is suggested, which is easy to grip, and simple to manage in a limited space. The size is usually around 1 centimeter, which gives a flexible stick strong enough to transmit the pressure of the cleaning activity to the teeth without breaking.
Miswaak must be freshly cut so that it is flexible, conveniently chewed, yet full of energetic ingredients. The root must be whitish-brown in color; a brownish color suggests that the Miswaak is not fresh.
If a stick is dried, the end for chewing must initially be saturated in fresh water for 24 hours. It needs to be noted that washing for unnecessarily long periods leads to loss of productive ingredients and diminishes the remedial features; however the mechanical effects on the teeth can still occur.
Before Miswaak is utilized; the end must be cleaned with water. It is then chewed frequently until the fibers be prominent like the bristles of a toothbrush. These fibers need to be clipped every 24 hours.
The tactics used for eliminating plaque mechanically are similar to that for the toothbrush and the chewing stick; i.e., vertical and horizontal brushing. The cleaning movement should be directed away from the gingival margin of the teeth on both the buccal and lingual surfaces.
Caution must be taken to prevent harming the smooth tissues of the mouth. Sufficient cleaning can be done if this process is followed for five minutes.
There are two basic holds:
Pen-grip (three-finger) or palm-grip (five finger-grips). In each case the objective is to ascertain solid but controlled movement of the brush end of the Miswaak inside the oral cavity, to ensure that every space of the mouth is reached with convenience.
When to use Miswaak:
Generally, the Miswaak needs to be utilized at least 5 times a day (i.e. before each prayer). Yet it is advised to utilize it frequently, whenever possible.
Common issues while using Miswak: